Right, you won't be able to solder that.
What you can do, is get some copper rod. Get some crimp ring lugs the right size and solder those on. Then use a stainless steel sheet metal screw or machine screw and nut along with a star washer to attach the ring lug to the aluminum mount. Ideally you'd want to cover the connection. A glob of silicon would likely do the trick for a while, but over time it'll deteriorate. Aluminum will oxidize, and the dissimlar metals will corrode, so it might not be a good long term solution.
Another choice would be to get a sheet metal disk and punch a 3/4 inch hole in it and sandwich it in the NMO mount. The diameter of that disk will be frequency dependent, sort of. For VHF, you'd want about 19 inches out from the center all around.
If you can't find a disk like that. any shape will work. Even a baking pan or pie pan will work.