VHF and UHF air is AM mode. AM cannot filter out static without some help. Thats why most comms are FM. Now the reason aircraft is am is because they are usually several thousand feet above the manmade static on the ground and it is not an issue. The entire radio spectrum from 30mHz to 1000mHz is staggered with am/fm/wfm with .005, .0625, .075, .0125, .015, .020, .030cellular, .050, and .100 spacing between freqs so that each service will not interfere with each other. This is a simple answer as this subject can get very deep very quick. Good Luck.